What is Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy?

Physical therapy for bodily injuries and rehabilitation is a well-known treatment modality. Vestibular rehabilitation therapy is a specialized form of physical therapy that can help people with certain medical conditions, known as balance disorders. Let’s see how this treatment helps people recover and improves their lives.

What Are Balance Disorders?

Balance disorders is an umbrella term for any condition that effects a person’s balance and stability. These disorders can massively impact the lives of those who suffer from them.

Symptoms Of Balance Disorders

Some of the symptoms sufferers experience include:

  • Staggering while walking
  • Blurry vision
  • Becoming disoriented or confused
  • Feeling lightheaded or faint
  • Feeling a sensation of floating
  • Dizziness or vertigo

Causes Of Balance Disorders

Some things that can lead to a balance disorder include:

  • Ear infections
  • Certain medications
  • Low blood pressure
  • Head injury
  • Arthritis
  • Eye or vision issues
  • Aging

How Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy Can Help

Vestibular rehabilitation therapy is a form of therapy to help people with balance disorders. It’s an exercise-based modality.

The main goal of this treatment is to teach people with balance disorders how to rely on their bodies and other senses to compensate for deficit or injury of the vestibular system,which impacts balance. This helps improve their function and mobility in daily life,which leads to higher quality of life.

Types Of Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy

Therapy is divided into three main types. The medical care provider will decide which type or types of treatment are appropriate for each client’s individual case. The three types are:
1.Habituation:
Habituation therapy helps patients who feel overwhelmed and dizzy in environments and situations with lots of visual stimuli such as grocery stores or driving. If they feel dizzy when they move their heads quickly, habituation may work as well.
If a patient has symptoms which are spontaneous, or not exacerbated by head motion or increased visual stimuli, habituation therapy will not be effective for their case.
Habituation works by temporarily inducing the symptoms so the patient can learn to overcome them when they face them in real-world situations.

2.Gaze Stabilization:
This type of treatment focuses on how the eyes are used. It allows patients to learn how to control eye movements. This lessens the instability as they move their heads, try to identify objects,or read.
Patients can learn how to use their vision to replace reliance on their vestibular system if it’s extremely damaged or deficient.

3.Balance Training:
Medical providers use balance training to help the patient increase their steadiness when they move. This allows the patient to be safer and less likely to suffer falls as they go about their daily routines, including self-care,leisure, and walking outside when necessary.

Working with a trained medical provider to begin a rehabilitation program can help patients with balance disorders lead fuller,safer lives.